Geleceğin Suçluları En Erken Hangi Yaşta Tespit Edilebilir?

Canadian Journal of Psychiatry de yayınlanan makalede, geleceğin suçlularının en erken 6 yaşında tespit edilebileceği belirtildi. Makalenin özetini ilginize sunuyoruz– TürkPsikiyatri |

Rebellious boy

 

Original Research

Teachers’ Ratings of Childhood Behaviours
Predict Adolescent and Adult Crime Among 3016 Males and
Females

Sheilagh Hodgins, PhD; Peter Larm, PhD; Mark Ellenbogen,
PhD; Frank Vitaro, PhD; Richard E Tremblay, PhD

Correspondence: Dr
Sheilagh Hodgins, Université de Montréal, 3050 Edouard-Montpetit, Montreal, QC
H3T 1J7; Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Université de Montréal, Montreal,
Quebec; Professor, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, London,
England.
s.hodgins@umontreal.ca.

Objective: To examine
associations of teacher-rated conduct problems (CP) and hurtful and uncaring
behaviours (HUB) at age 6 and 10 with criminal convictions up to age 24 among
1593 males and 1423 females, and to determine whether aggressive behaviour at
age 12 mediated the associations of CP and HUB with criminal
convictions.
Method: Teachers assessed HUB and CP at ages 6 and 10 and
ratings above the 90th percentile at each age and within each sex were used to
assign participants to 1 of 4 groups. Teachers assessed proactive, reactive,
indirect, and verbal aggression at age 12. Juvenile and adult criminal records
were obtained.
Results: High CP and HUB males, aged 6, were 4 times
more likely than males with lower ratings to acquire convictions for violent
crimes and 5 times more likely to acquire convictions for nonviolent crimes by
age 24. High HUB and CP females, aged 6, were 5 times more likely than females
with lower ratings to have a conviction for a nonviolent offence by age 24.
Among males, both aged 6 and 10, high HUB without CP were associated with
elevations at risk of convictions for violent and nonviolent crimes, while among
females the elevations at risk were limited to convictions for nonviolent
crimes. Different types of aggressive behaviour mediated associations of high
HUB and CP with subsequent criminal convictions, but not the association of HUB
without CP and crime.
Conclusions: Teachers in elementary schools
rated behaviours that, from age 6 onward, significantly predicted criminal
convictions into early adulthood.

Key Words: childhood antecedents
of crime, teacher ratings, males and females

Received May 2012, revised,
and accepted August 2012.

CanJPsychiatry
2013;58(3):143–150
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